Archiv článků od 18.7.2016 do 5.6.2017

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GDPR and security cameras in apartment buldings in 2018

5.6.2017 | JUDr. Alena Kučerová
Do you have a CCTV installed in your apartment building? What will happen to you in 2018, when the new European legal framework for the protection of personal data, which is the General Regulation 2016/679, comes into force.

Indoor environment monitoring platform

15.5.2017 | Ing. Jan Včelák, Ph.D., Ing. Daniel Adamovský, Ph.D., Bc. Jan Mrňa, Ing. Aleš Vodička, Ing. Marek Maška, Univerzitní centrum energeticky efektivních budov, ČVUT v Praze
Indoor environment quality is being more and more discussed topic. Technologies for indoor monitoring are becoming affordable and thus can be installed as autonomous monitoring and indicative systems. It can be used also in connection with ventilation system. In this article there are summarized the most important quantities related to the indoor air quality with its limit values. Particular technologies of sensors are mentioned and new sensor platform for complex monitoring of indoor environment with possible usage for controlling systems affecting indoor environment is introduced.

Temperature measurements by thermocouples during fire tests

24.4.2017 | Ing. Otto Dvořák, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, pracoviště UCEEB, Ing. Jan Koller, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, Fakulta elektotechnická (FEL)
The paper describes briefly the problems of temperature measurements during fire tests. To verify the standard requirement an experiment was conducted with three K type thermocouples (TC) of different diameters of wires and lengths of connected cables. TCs were inserted gradually into the el. heating furnace heated at the temperature of 800 ° C with records over time until reaching maximal steady state temperature; TCs were subsequently removed from the furnace and again with recording temperatures during cooling to the room temperature. The results are shown in the table and graphs. The experiments have confirmed that the sensitivity /response of TC to fluctuating temperatures of the gaseous medium depends on the diameter of the TC. It is obvious that these findings could have practical use in the field of fire protection.

Cables and requirements for their fire resistance

20.4.2017 | Peter Homola, Asociace výrobců kabelů a vodičů ČR a SR
In case of free laid cables which are not covered by plaster it is required that the & nbsp; designated fire compartments had isolation with reduced content of halogens causing formation of harmful substances such as hydrogen chloride when the cables are exposed to fire.

Increasing water mist extinguishing effect by electrification

17.4.2017 | Ing. Otto Dvořák, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, pracoviště UCEEB, Ing. Jan Koller, Ph.D., ČVUT Praha, Fakulta elektotechnická (FEL)
This paper describes extinguishing experiments to verify the possibility of increasing the efficiency of extinguishing low, medium and high pressure water mist charging by the electric field of high DC voltage. The experimental results confirmed the effects of the electrical voltage, the configuration of electrodes (anode, cathode), the volumetric water flow rate, water pressure and the type of mist nozzle. Higher extinguishing effect electrically charged water mist to extinguish showed a shorter times to extinguishment, a smaller volume of water to extinguish the fire and extinguishing a higher percentage of successful attempts. Benefit: faster and more efficient fire- fighting with less risk of injury and less consequential damages in a protected space.

Risks and safety of smart devices

3.4.2017 | Ing. Michal Lom, doc. Ing. Ondřej Přibyl, Ph.D.
One of the main trend of the 21st century in the field of electronic products and information technology is uniquely accessing of devices via the Internet and their remote monitoring and control. Such devices are generally called as smart. In general awareness will begin to receive designation as a smart city, smart street, smart building, smart TV, smart thermostat, smart refrigerator, or even smart light bulb. The flip side of that has not still been publicly spoken is the cyber security of these devices against hacker attacks from the Internet.

The invention, patent or utility model - who should sort?

8.3.2017 | Ing. Zdeněk Lyčka
The article explains the differences between the invention patents and utility model from the perspective of Czech legislation. Also highlights the confusion individual categories and purposeful fraud by producers and sellers of equipment.
1 comment, 08.03.2017 07:44

Measurement and Evaluation of the Significant Sources of Natural Radioactivity

6.3.2017 | prof. Ing. Leonard Hobst , CSc., VUT v Brně
The natural radioactivity lives mankind throughout its development. The effects of radiation to some extent they can influence the evolutionary history of life on Earth. It is therefore important to determine what values the natural radioactivity would reach different locations of the world.

Turnstile – a barrier against unauthorized access (3)

27.2.2017 | Martin Ochozka, APROKS, s.r.o., Michal Randa, redakce
Turnstile, a device designed to physically limit passage for just single person at a time. In the past it was often just a mechanical gate while today it is a full-featured electromechanical device with its own control and evaluation logic.

Turnstile – a barrier against unauthorized access (2)

20.2.2017 | Martin Ochozka, APROKS, s.r.o., Michal Randa, redakce
Turnstile, a device designed to physically limit passage for just single person at a time. In the past it was often just a mechanical gate while today it is a full-featured electromechanical device with its own control and evaluation logic.

Turnstile – a barrier against unauthorized access (1)

13.2.2017 | Martin Ochozka, APROKS, s.r.o., Michal Randa, redakce
Turnstile, a device designed to physically limit passage for just single person at a time. In the past it was often just a mechanical gate while today it is a full-featured electromechanical device with its own control and evaluation logic.

Smart cities - the cities of the future III.

5.12.2016 | Ing. Michal Lom, doc. Ing. Ondřej Přibyl, Ph.D.
This article is the third in a series of Smart Cities - the cities of the future, which is aimed to provide some concrete solutions and applications of smart cities, that are already being applied in the world and tries to describe their contribution to public administration and urban residents. In this article, we focus on two areas of Smart City - Smart Living and Smart Environment.
1 comment, 05.12.2016 20:11

Historical buildings fire protection in terms of fire safety of buildings

31.10.2016 | Ing. Eva Polatová, bezpečnostní ředitelka, Národní památkový ústav
The article describes selected topics from historical buildings fire protection methodology. Covered topics are fireproof coatings, building division into fire compartments and attic and roof.

Electrical fire detection and fire alarm system

10.10.2016 | Ing. Václav Kratochvíl, Ph.D.
This article contains a description of the fire detection and fire alarm system, as a part of the overall fire protection equipment of a buildings facilities and technology amenities; including principles of its design, installation and operation.

Development of methods for non-destructive determination of thickness of the inner walls of the tunnel

19.9.2016 | Ing. Jaroslav Mikula, TZÚS Praha, prof. Ing. Leonard Hobst, CSc., VUT Brno, Ústav stavebního zkušebnictví
Checking the inner shell of tunnels during the construction phase as well as of existing tunnels is importand for their safe operation. Various non-destructive methods have been developed for this, which allow the control check to be carried out with experiences which were obtained using the new device, pased on an ultrasonic pulse echo method.

Emergency lighting

12.9.2016 | plk. Ing. Zdeněk Hošek, Ph.D., MV ČR, GŘ HZS ČR
Emergency lighting is one of the most important species of fire safety equipment which determine the fire safety of buildings or other facilities. Emergency lighting is established for use in the event of failure of normal artificial lighting and is therefore supplied from the second independent source. Properly designed, highly functional and operational installation of emergency lighting is essential to ensure a quick and safe escape of people in case of emergency.

The Fire Safety Equipment Power Supply Problems

29.8.2016 | Ing. Zdeněk Hošek, Ph.D., MV ČR, GŘ HZS ČR
The annual total losses caused by fires in the Czech Republic (direct and indirect) are not negligible. The total amount of these damages is to a large extent also involved in fires caused by the operation of electrical wiring and equipment. In terms of fire protection in these cases remains a key issue rate of compliance with fire safety requirements in design, construction, and especially in the operation of these facilities. Currently, in addition to the system of Czech technical standards implemented a lot of new European standards which transpose the international requirements for testing, design, operation and maintenance of electrical wiring and equipment, which requires often the direct modification of existing CSN, in those parts which are contrary thereto. This situation logically caused societal need to address this issue in order to protect public interests, and comprehensively, using available European technical documents, specifications and national standards of EU member states, according to the current state of science and technology.

Ambivalency of Intelligent Building Management

1.8.2016 | plk. Ing. Zdeněk Hošek, Ph.D., Ministerstvo vnitra ČR, generální ředitelství Hasičského záchranného sboru ČR
The article is focused on ambivalent features of systems intelligent building management from the obligatory requests on fire safety point of view. It insists that reliable and functional detection is the basic predetermination to effective solution in fire case but it is not sufficient to the total fire protection provision. The complex solution of the problematics involves many further steps and provisions of both, technical and organizational character.

Alarm Systems Integration - part 2.

18.7.2016 | Michal Randa, redakce
If we want to talk about possibilities of alarm systems integration, we should distinguish wheather we are heading to their further development or is it just a deformation of original idea of their use as technical tools to protect wealth and people.

RPAS data processing and their applicability in construction

18.7.2016 | prof. Dr. Ing. Karel Pavelka, Fakulta stavební ČVUT, katedra mapování a kartografie
Presented text discusses the use of RPAS (Remotely Piloted Aerial System) in the building industry and heritage preservation. It provides information of various case studies and shows examples. For the purposes of building industry and technological area monitoring multicopter systems are mainly used. They have more complex control, but they can be successfully navigated in very low heights and low speeds around and above the object. Safe handling and ensuring the area after agreement with the owner or facility manager is crucial for their use.
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